PENYUSUNAN LAPORAN KEMAJUAN GEOPARK RINJANI-LOMBOK

geopark

Final Report UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARKS COUNCIL

First Session Torquay, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland September 24-25, 2016 VI. UNESCO Global Geoparks New Applications 80. Rinjani-Lombok (Indonesia)

General Geology

  • Quaternary calc-alkaline volcanic complex caused by subduction process
  • Pleistocene volcanics (Punikan, Nangi, Sembalun) and Holocene Recent volcanics (Samalas, Rinjani)
  • Samalas eruption (1257) produced Samalas caldera and Kokok Putik pyroclastic flows; part of Rinjani collapsed into caldera,   caldera lake formation (Segara Anak)
    • Rombongan and Barujari volcanoes formation
  • The volcanic complex underlain by Paleogene intrusives, Oligo Miocene volcanics and Neogene clastic sediments

De-facto Geopark of Rinjani-Lombok

  • It is clear that the Rinjani-Lombok area is an already functioning Geopark with a great potential and a lot of opportunities to   develop even further
  • Rinjani Mt. and Gili Islands are already well known worldwide and these need to be exploited and used as sites to develop   geotourism in a stronger way and to enhance the Geopark’s   territory and visibility
  • The Geopark’s activities have very strong support from the local communities, by the local authorities, by the ministries, and an   enthusiastic staff
  • However, there were some concern raised about the similarities wirh the nearby Batur UNESCO Global Geopark on Bali

A Number of Recommendations for Rinjani-Lombok Geopark A Number of Recommendations for Rinjani-Lombok Geopark

  1. A full and comparative study is needed between applicant territory and Batur UNESCO Global Geopark to ascertain if    there is a similar geological heritage
  2. Develop a stronger collaboration with universities and research institutes to guarantee an efficient support from    a scientific point of view
  3. Improve the interpretation activity and design of interpretative panels to make some geosites more effective    and well presented
  4. Develop more educational programmes for local schools to increase their knowledge about the unique geological    heritage and other aspects of heritage in Rinjani-Lombok    Geopark and use local Geopark guides and interpreters to    organize educational and training courses on a reguler    basis to increase and to qualify their
  5. Visibility of the aspiring Geopark should be improved especially at Gili Trawangan, by better use of the Geopark    logo and consistent Geopark branding throughout    including the improvement of the Geopark website and    emphasize the connection between geology and other    aspects of heritage
  6. A clear partnership strategy should be developed with partners to include a clear methodology on the criteria    required to become a partner and a formal agreement with    the Geopark. This is applicable to but not restricted to    accomodation and catering providers, transport providers,    activity providers and producers of local products
  7. The Geopark has to strengthen the knowledge, conservation understanding of ethnic groups (e.g. the Sasak people) in    relation to their culture, language and traditional practices
  8. Plan a mid-term proposal to enlarge the boundaries of the Geopark to include the whole Lombok Island
  9. Strengthen the networking with other UNESCO Global Geoparks at a national, regional, and global level, and      actively contribute to international conferences and      meetings on UNESCO Global Geoparks
  10. Strengthen the role of women in senior management positions within the Geopark staff, in accordance with      UNESCO principles

Finally :

Following the review of Rinjani-Lombok (Indonesia) application dossier and evaluation report, the UGGpC decided that the candidate does not yet fulfil the UGG criteria to become a UNESCO Global Geopark and proposes that the Executive Board defer this candidate as a UNESCO Global Geopark for up to two years pending the results of the study requested in Recommendation 1.

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